Salicylic acid is among the hallmarks known to be resistant to acne, as it has a long history of being used timely to combat breakouts. Here’s what you need to know: it’s a BHA, or beta-hydroxy acid, that exfoliates in the same way as AHAs, or alpha-hydroxy acid. However, it is even more effective for treating acne because of its chemical make-up. Get it from board-certified dermatologist Dr. Geeta Yadav “Because salicylic acid is soluble in oil, it can penetrate the skin at a deeper level and not remove the pores of all the dirt, debris, and irritants that can cause acne – namely that are blackheads and whiteheads. "
Although Dr. said. Yadav that salicylic acid is great for constant pores and promotes exfoliation, he warns that it can be dry and irritating. Translation? Go easy and don't use it too much.
Benzoyl peroxide is another ingredient of mainstay resistant acne used for decades. It differs from salicylic acid in that it cannot exfoliate the skin. Instead, it provides strong antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. In fact, it directly targets the bacteria that cause acne breakouts in una-P. acnes bacteria (learn more about the difference between benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid, here ).
If there's one substance that dermatologists, estheticians, and editors are talking about the most, it's probably retinol. It just makes sense, because this buzzy outfit makes little at all. “Retinol is a type of vitamin A and type of retinoid that is available over the counter,” says Dr. Yadav. "While perhaps best known for adding collagen, reducing fine lines, and improving skin texture, it is also a fantastic ingredient for preventing acne. Retinol helps to clog pores and promote healing. by skin cell migration, a dynamic duo when it comes to targeting a source of breakouts. "
You may have heard people refer to backuchiol as a natural alternative to retinol. According to Dr. Yadav, there is some truth to that. "While retinol and retinoids are amazing ingredients, they can be too drying and / or annoying for some, especially those with sensitive skin. Bakuchiol is a milder, more soothing, plant-based alternative to retinol has a long history in the world of Ayurvedic medicine.Like retinol, bakuchiol helps shrink pores and fight breakouts, but it also has anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties that help to prevent the occurrence of acne at first. "
It is also found in Versed Press Restart Gentle Retinol Serum ($ 22). The used bakuchiol is certified by CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora), meaning its use does not negatively affect the survival of this important plant species.
Not only does tea tree oil provide a refreshing, herbal scent to most of the products included in it, but it also has some serious powers in fighting acne. “Tea tree oil is an essential oil derived from the leaves of the Melaleuca tree and has been used as a traditional medicine for centuries,” Drs. Yadav. "Known for its healing powers, tea tree oil has bacteria-fighting properties that make it ideal for removing and preventing acne."
"Witch Hazel is a topical astringent made from the leaves and bark of the Hamamelis Virginiana shrub," Dr. Yadav explains. "In addition to the drying and oil-zapping effects, witch hazel contains many compounds and antioxidants with anti-inflammatory and bacterial-killing properties-all keys to relieving acne."
Another amazing ingredient, niacinamide is praised for brightening, reducing pore, boosting elasticity, and calming powers. “Also known as nicotinamide, niacinamide is a type of vitamin B-3 and has been a popular ingredient in dermatology offices for many years,” Drs. Yadav. "It contains anti-inflammatory properties and reduces oil production in a gentle, non-irritating way, making it ideal for those with acne and sensitive skin."
Zinc may not be as buzzy as the other ingredients on this list, but that doesn't mean it should you notice it. Get it from Dr. Yadav. "Zinc is a mineral and an essential nutrient that everyone needs. Widely known for its cold -fighting abilities, zinc is an excellent treatment for mild acne. Available in both topical and warming forms, zinc is anti-inflammatory, reduces oil production, and helps kill the bacteria that cause breakouts.I recommend oral zinc for my patients with an acne-like condition called hidradenitis suppurativa where the acne in the skin folds. "
According to Dr. Yadav, sulfur is "a natural chemical substance common in rocks and minerals, as well as in our own bodies!" Perhaps best known for rotten egg stink, it is also a great skincare ingredient for those with mild to moderate breakouts of either acne or rosacea. Sulfur has a keratolytic effect (softens / thins the skin), which helps to exfoliate and remove dead skin cells, fight bacteria, and reduce sebum. "
Here's the thing – there's really more than one type of clay.The first thing we're going to talk about is kaolin clay. “Kaolin is a soft, white clay that, in addition to skincare, has been used in China to create porcelain products for centuries,” Dr. Yadav explains. “Usually, in a mask format, kaolin helps to absorb excess oil and sebum, while also managing moisture levels, making it ong is very gentle and suitable for equally sensitive skin types. "
The other type of clay we will talk about is bentonite clay. "Another very old clay, bentonite is formed when ash volcanoes age and contain many other important trace minerals. , such as calcium, iron, zinc, and copper, "says Dr. Yadav." Available in powders or masks, bentonite is known to cure infections and acne and absorbs dirt and oil. "