You have probably heard about the skincare product Retin-A and probably associate it with being a powerful acne fighter . You can also use the famous product. While it ' s wonderful for treating acne, it also has the power to unlock youthful-looking skin . “Retin-A is the trade name of a vitamin A derivative called tretinoin,” said Joyce Imahiyerobo-Ip, MD, FAAD, founder and CEO of Vibrant Dermatology and Skin Bar MD . "Tretinoin was developed in the 1960s and changed skin care. Today, tretinoin is one of the few drugs that belongs to a category called retinoids. All retinoids have a similar effect on the skin." Tretinoin is also prescription-only.
So what does it do, exactly? Well, it turns out a lot. Board-certified dermatologist and docent medical advisor Farhaad Riyaz says that tretinoin is the best antioxidant ingredient proven to treat wrinkles, sun loose, 94 skin damage5 hyperpigmentation . It also promotes a clearer, smoother, and more even skin tone and texture through its resurfacing effects.
"By breaking down dead skin and accelerating cell renewal and turnover, it triggers increased production of collagen and elastin to support ' new ' healthier skin, "Riyaz explains. "In addition to helping replenish these vital parts of the skin, it repairs cells to help restore a smoother appearance. As an antioxidant, it also neutralizes free radicals that damage the skin. and causes aging.It also evens out pigmentation by exfoliating and stimulating cells.turnover, reducing inflammation, and helping melanocytes (the cells responsible for producing pigment) get rid of trapped melanin . " , retinoids, in general, are the foundation. Almost every dermatologist I’ve talked to has said that the three blocks of building a healthy skincare routine are sunscreen antioxidants and retinoids/retinols. “Regular use of retinol achieves the following: reduces fine lines and wrinkles through collagen stimulation, evens out skin color by redistributing melanin particles, smoothes the skin surface by making of turnover of the stratum corneum better, increases the hyaluronic acid responsible for skin hardness and elasticity, and prevents the buildup of keratin in the pores that can lead to acne and congestion.There are more scientific papers to support these beneficial effect of tretinoin than any other active ingredient, "said Corey L. Hartman MD, FAAD, founder of Skin Wellness Dermatology .
Imahiyerobo added -Ip that if you use Retin-A or tretinoin, it is important to avoid adding too much acid to your skincare routine, which says, “These products such as vitamin C, glycolic acid, and even salicylic acid can increase skin irritation if they are combined with retinoids. If you’re confused about what ingredients can be used together, ask your board-certified dermatologist. ”
Because of all the amazing benefits stated above, almost everyone is a good candidate for a retinol product. "My opinion is that except for people with rosacea or extremely sensitive skin, everyone should be using retinol," says Hartman. “There are retinol alternatives for those with rosacea and dry, sensitive skin, but with the guidance of a board-certified dermatologist, even these patients can introduce an appropriate product gradually and have of success without irritation or ignition. "
And ] Joshua Zeichner MD, of Zeichner Dermatology added that there is a new generation of prescription topical retinoids that use m ga special technology to reduce irritation. "Altreno, for example, uses a proprietary honeycomb mesh technology to evenly distribute micronized tretinoin and reduce potential skin irritation. It delivers the proven benefits of tretinoin in a more tolerable formula," he says. .
And if you want to use Retin -A or tretinoin specifically for anti-aging benefits, Imahiyerobo-Ip recommends starting the product in your late 20s.
or any other retinoid, in your skincare routine, there are a few steps you need to take to ensure that the product works effectively and does not irritate or damage your skin. Derms shares their tips below:
1. Prepare your skin to get used to the product: “Effective, topical retinoids take a few weeks before adjusting,” Zeichner says. "In fact, the first two to four weeks [of usage] are usually associated with dryness, redness, and peeling. This is known as retinization, a process in which the skin adapts to the use of topical retinoids. To reduce the potential. that irritation, I recommend applying a pea-sized amount all over the face. Start applying the product every night. Combine the retinoid with a moisturizer to help maintain skin hydration. " You can slowly apply every night from there.
2. Beware of sensitive skin: "Some individuals can only take Retin-A once a week," says Imahiyerobo-Ip. "If you fall into that category, don't despair. You will still benefit from this medication. If you have extremely sensitive skin, I do not recommend using prescription retinoids without the guidance of your board-certified dermatologist. " Your doctor may prescribe or suggest a lower strength product to begin with. Pat dry before applying: "After cleaning, this simple practice helps remove residual moisture, which can cause irritation," Riyaz says. "Sensitive skin types can wait 15 to 20 minutes before applying to be more certain that no moisture remains." Moisturize: "One of the other often ignored directions is to follow the use of a moisturizer. It may seem unnecessary but it is critical to be able to seal in moisture, hydrate the skin, and overcome any dryness. , ”Riyaz said. "People who are extremely sensitive or concerned can apply the sandwich technique by applying moisturizer first, then tretinoin, followed by moisturizer again." 5. Skip exfoliating products: “We advise patients to stop AHAs and other forms of exfoliation, even at the very beginning as the skin is acclimated to the medication as tretinoin delivers of all the resurfacing exfoliation needed, ”Riyaz said. "There is no need to ' double-dip, ' so to speak, and the skin can only take too much exfoliation."
6. Don't forget sunscreen: "Wear sunscreen every day! Strict sun protection is required, including sunscreen with an SPF over 30 and wearing a wide-brimmed hat," Riyaz said. "It's important to dedicate this daily habit like you do to brushing your teeth!"
Since tretinoin is a prescription product, some people may be looking for an over-the-counter option that works similarly. But it’s important to remember that no OTC product is as effective as tretinoin for overcoming the signs of aging, acne, and hyperpigmentation, Riyaz says. "It's truly the gold standard. The additional benefits it provides that make it superior to other resurfacing products are the strengthening of the skin barrier by normalizing enzymatic activity, which is necessary. for healthy cell division (mitosis) and rebuilding of the upper layers of the skin. (epidermis) with stronger, denser, healthier cells, "explains Riyaz. "Tretinoin also helps restore the skin's moisture balance by maintaining hydration, reducing water evaporation, and increasing healthy lipid in membranes."
But if you want to try something similar to Retin-A before you take a prescription, Imahiyerobo-Ip says you can start with over-the-counter retinol products. "Retinol is a weaker derivative of vitamin A, which is readily available in stores. If you're new to retinol products, I still recommend starting with a pea-sized amount three nights a week and work up to night- night, "he said.
And because they are weaker, they are often more enjoyable and easier to use than the prescription versions. “The characteristic dryness, redness, scaling, and irritation associated with this class of products occurs less frequently with OTC retinols compared to doctor-prescribed retinols or prescription retinoids,” Hartman said. "Prescription retinoids are indicated for the treatment of acne vulgaris. Retinol, retinal, and retinoids all contribute to anti-aging and discoloration."
See some OTC options below.